The Provost has challenged Cornell’s faculty to consider new research and training that embraces the idea of “radical collaboration.” For the ISS and the social science research community, this means engaging with Cornell’s faculty in the natural and physical sciences. This is a challenging but important endeavor. Addressing contemporary environmental and health issues, for example, requires more than technical fixes. Global climate change portents new population responses to rising sea levels and record temperatures, unavoidable commercial adaptations to declining crop yields and pestilence, and the prospect of new regional conflicts involving scarce resources or refugees. Promoting population health and effective medical interventions requires expertise on the cost-effective organization of health care delivery systems and on health care access and utilization. It also requires some understanding of health behaviors, including smoking, diet, and risky behaviors (e.g., abusing opioids). The adoption and diffusion of new technological innovations has a large behavioral component that requires—perhaps more than ever—the expertise of Cornell’s social and behavioral sciences. The ISS embraces the need for disciplinary-based research and training at Cornell. But it also envisions new research at the boundaries between traditional academic disciplines, both within and outside the social sciences. This annual report describes two new collaborative research projects focused on the technological changes in information and computer sciences. One project addresses new digital technologies and social media and the implications for prosocial behavior, cyberbullying, and fake news. The other collaborative project deals with the rise in “big data” and computer algorithms (e.g., machine learning) that affect hiring and promotion decisions that benefit some groups at the expense of others. Cultural and social change usually lags behind technological change. The ISS is well positioned to contribute to Cornell’s diverse and evolving program of research and training in the social sciences—and its connection to other disciplines and programs of research across the Ithaca and NYC campuses. Sincerely, Daniel T. Lichter Robert S. Harrison Director ISS DIRECTOR DANIEL T. LICHTER Since summer 2015, Daniel T. Lichter has served as the Robert S. Harrison Director of theInstitutefortheSocialSciencesatCornell. The Ferris Family Professor of Life Course Studies in policy analysis and management in the College of Human Ecology, Lichter also holds a faculty appointment in sociology in the College of Arts and Sciences. Lichter publishes widely on population and public policy, including studies of concentrated poverty and inequality, intermarriage, immigrant incorporation in American society, rural sociology, and American racial and ethnic transformation. Prior to coming to Cornell in 2005, he was on the faculty at Ohio State University and Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. A MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR 3