Deportation Relief Subprojects

Faculty fellows of the ISS’ Deportation Relief project are working on studies exploring how an immigrant’s legal status affects their employment, education, and other factors.

The Impact of Legal Status on Grade Retention and School Dropout: Evidence from Salvadoran Child Migrants 

Steven Alvarado, Sociology
Matthew Hall, Policy Analysis and Management
Alex Currit, Graduate Student, Sociology

The successful socioeconomic incorporation of undocumented immigrants relies heavily on a critical aspect of their experience in the United States: their schooling. This study examines grade retention and school drop outs among undocumented child immigrants from El Salvador using data from the U.S. Census. We find that having Temporary Protected Status enhances the schooling outcomes of undocumented children by decreasing their likelihood to drop out of school. We argue that the increased time horizon that TPS facilitates may propel these undocumented students to stay in school. These findings suggest that deportation relief may positively impact the social and economic incorporation of undocumented immigrants vis a vis increased educational attainment. Alex Currit delivered a presentation, Schooling Salvadorans: The Impact of Temporary Protected Status on Dropout and Retention in the United States, at the 2017 annual meeting of the Population Association of America. This has resulted in a completed manuscript that is currently under review at a peer-reviewed journal.

Temporary Immigration Status and Worker Claimsmaking

Shannon Gleeson, Labor Relations, Law, and History
Kate Griffith, Labor Relations, Law, and History

With the help of five New York City-based research assistants, and through collaborations with several legal aid providers, the team is interviewing immigrants with temporary immigration status about their work experiences. To date, fifty-five interviews have been conducted, primarily with immigrants from Haiti and Central America. Gleeson and Griffith have developed a theoretical framework for their research in a co-authored manuscript entitled, “The Precarity of Temporality: Law-Induced Inhibitors to Temporary Immigrant Workers’ Claimsmaking.”

Implementing Immigrant Worker Rights
Shannon Gleeson, Labor Relations, Law, and History

Shannon Gleeson is engaged in two collaborative projects that examine the implementation of immigrant worker rights. With Xóchitl Bada, (University of Illinois, Chicago), she is researching the role of the Mexican Consulate in protecting the rights of immigrant workers, and the perspective of enforcement agencies and nonprofit advocates across the United States. With support from the National Science Foundation, she and Els de Graauw (Baruch College, the City University of New York) are conducting an institutional analysis of the implementation of the 2012 Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in three metropolitan regions: the San Francisco Bay Area, the Greater Houston Area, and the New York City Metro Area.

The Power of A Presumption: The Constitutionality of California’s Regulation of Agricultural Labor Relations Regardless of Immigration Status

Kate Griffith, Labor Relations, Law and History

State efforts to prohibit the employment of unauthorized immigrants have come under intense constitutional scrutiny. The court battles and the scholarship addressing them, however, focus exclusively on the relationship between federal immigration law and state initiatives aimed at reducing unauthorized immigration. In contrast, this article, published in UC Davis Law Review in 2017, examines the relationship between federal immigration law and a different type of state initiative: state laws aimed at regulating agricultural labor relations regardless of the immigration status of the employees involved.  The article shows states have wider latitude in this area than it might seem initially.

Assessing the Local Context of Immigration

Matthew Hall, Policy Analysis and Management

New arrivals to the United States and the communities where they live are diverse. Scholars have explored how immigrants incorporate in the labor market and the impact that immigrants have on native workers’ jobs. Less is known about the factors contributing to immigrants entrance into mainstream social, political, and economic institutions. In all likelihood, the institutions’ receptivity to immigrants plays a key role. Similarly, the competition between immigrants and natives in the job market likely depends on the skills of the two populations as well as job growth in the specific sector, and other conditions unique to local communities. We are examining all these factors.

Immigration Enforcement Activities and Employer Hiring

Jordan Matsudaira, Policy Analysis and Management
Matthew Hall, Policy Analysis and Management

Jordan Matsudaira and Matthew Hall are working with Julia Zhu, a graduate student in Policy Analysis and Management, on a study examining the relationship between immigration enforcement activities and employer hiring.

The Impact of Protected Status on Economic Mobility
Jordan Matsudaira, Policy Analysis and Management

This study links federal tax with administrative data to explore the impact that immigrants’ protected status has on their economic outcomes. By comparing different immigrant groups with varying legal status and examining their earnings’ histories we are improving our understanding of how legal status impacts earnings.